Radicalization Risk Rubric R3 Certification Course

Campus Behavioral Intervention and Threat Assessment Teams have become increasingly concerned with how to identify the potential for radicalization of their students toward extremist violence. There have been several recent cases where a radicalized individual carried out an extremist or terrorist attack on a college campus, as well as increasing incidents of hardened and fixated political ideologies leading to harmful debate, aggressive exchanges, and violence. This program explores how to assess the risk of a college student becoming radicalized and moving forward with violent actions to a person, place, or system.

This program will provide teams with a research based, objective tool useful to better estimate the risk of violence with students, faculty, and staff who increasingly become entrenched in radical thoughts and begin to see violence as a reasonable means to achieve their goals.

Learning Objectives

  • Participants will review risk factors as they relate to a radicalized individual transitioning to violent, extremist action.
  • Participants will review protective factors as they relate to mitigating an individual’s transition to violence.
  • Participants will review mobilization factors that increase the likelihood of activation.
  • Participants will review and discuss the scoring of the R3 Risk Factors (RF), Protective Factors (PF), and Mobilization (M).
  • Participants will explore how scores on the R3 should be used to guide interventions.

Information Sheet


9:00am to 11:00am

  • Defining radical thoughts and extremist actions
  • Review of literature related to risk, protective, and mobilization factors
  • Case examples of previous attacks
    • Religious Ideology, Social Justice, Political Ideology, Environment Concerns, Animal Rights

11:00am to 11:15am – Break

11:15am to 12:30pm

  • Defining the ten Risk Factors (RF)
    1. Hardened point of view, injustice collecting
    2. Marginalization and perceived discrimination
    3. Connection to extremists
    4. Affiliation seeking
    5. Expressions of polarized thinking and ideaology
    6. Cognitive bleakness
    7. Personal failures
    8. Societal disengagement
    9. Justification to violent action
    10. Predisposing characteristics
  • Defining the ten Protective Factors (PF)
    1. Social connection
    2. Pluralistic inclusivity
    3. Non-violent outlets
    4. Social safety
    5. Emotional stability
    6. Professional/academic engagement
    7. Global competence
    8. Empathy
    9. Resilience
    10. Consequences of actions

12:30pm to 1:30pm – Lunch

1:30pm to 3:00pm

  • Defining the ten mobilization risk factors prior to an attack (M)
    1. Direct threat
    2. Reactivity
    3. Escalation to action
    4. Catalyst event(s)
    5. Suicide
    6. Increased group pressure
    7. Access to lethal means
    8. Narrowing on target
    9. Evaporating protective inhibitors
    10. Leakage
  • Discussion of scoring the R3

3:00pm to 3:15pm – Break

3:15pm to 5:00pm

  • Scoring R3 case examples
    • White Supremacy
    • Animal Rights
    • Environmental Rights
    • Political Ideology (alt-right)
    • Political Ideology (ISIL)