Final DD-12 99design

DD-12
Informing Prevention & Intervention Measures: Twelve Risk Factors for Sexual Violence on College Campuses

2016 Mini-paper: Informing Prevention & Intervention Measures: Twelve Risk Factors for Sexual Violence on College Campuses.

Journal Article: The Dirty Dozen: Twelve Risk Factors for Sexual Violence on College Campuses (DD-12). The Journal of Violence and Gender, 2015.

The problem of sexual assaults on college and university campuses can no longer be minimized or ignored amidst

  • regular media coverage of incidents and criticism of resulting institutional actions
  • legislative attempts to tackle the problem, sometimes in misdirected ways that could ultimately harm both students and higher education institutions as a whole
  • increasing concern from college and university constituents
  • the ever-present threat of litigation.

Yet it’s a dilemma that, despite campus leaders’ best intentions, remains difficult to address effectively.

Campus practitioners often operate from a vantage point of assumptions and several commonly cited, albeit vague, statistics. That is why DD-12 creators Brian Van Brunt, Ed.D. and Amy Murphy, Ph.D. set out to create a summary of risk factors for sexual violence based on their breadth of experience, conversations with experts and with campus practitioners in this area, and extensive review of existing literature and research from the criminology, psychology, and prevention standpoints. This process led to the identification of 12 risk factors (DD-12) that can contribute to campus sexual violence. That list was then reviewed by experts in the fields of prevention, law enforcement, and sexual violence. Examples of each risk factor were found in the national media and culled from the authors’ experiences.  The goal of the DD-12 was to pull together the fields of law enforcement, psychology, counseling, prevention and advocacy and present the risk factors for sexual violence in a more accessible format.

While these factors are not meant as a guide in the prediction of sexual violence, they are useful in understanding the kinds of behaviors and attitudes that often present in individuals and groups perpetrating sexual violence. It is the authors’ hope that the DD-12 risk factors can better inform those charged with the early identification and intervention of those who may be at risk to commit sexual violence on campus.  While here has been increased training for those investigating Title IX cases on campus, the prevention of sexual violence has been a more allusive topic.  It is our hope that the DD-12 provides a catalyst for more in-depth programming and intervention.

2016 Mini-paper: Informing Prevention & Intervention Measures: Twelve Risk Factors for Sexual Violence on College Campuses.

Journal Article: The Dirty Dozen: Twelve Risk Factors for Sexual Violence on College Campuses (DD-12). The Journal of Violence and Gender, 2015.